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Sanjivak-Experiments in microorganisms and accelerated residues

Sanjivak-Experiments in microorganisms and accelerated residues

Sanjivak used for enriching the soil with microorganisms and quick residue decomposition, Sanjeevak is used by sprinkling in soil or applying in irrigation water.

Required material for Sanjivak

1. 100-200 kg Cow dung

2. 100 liter Cow-urine

3. 500 gm Jaggery

4. 300 liter water

Preparation method

1. Mix 100-200 Kg cow dung, 100 Lit cow urine and 500 gm jaggery in 300 lit of water in a 500-lit closed drum.

2. Ferment for 10 days

3. Dilute with 20 times water and sprinkle in one acre either as soil spray or along with irrigation water.

Use

Used as soil application either by sprinkling or by applying through irrigation water. Three applications are needed one before sowing, second after twenty days of sowing and third after 45 days of sowing.

Poonam Singh

Poonam Singh

Poonam Singh

Poonam Singh, M.Sc.(Bio-Chemistry), Content writer, Self Shiksha, Lcoatips, Candidviews, Quikpills and Former Research Director at NEEW

Dashparni Ark-Natural insecticides for insects and worm

Dashparni Ark-Natural insecticides for insects and worm

The word Dashparni Ark contains two different words: ‘Dasha’ means ‘ten’ and ‘parana’ means the plant or tree leaf. ‘Extracts’ means to remove the juice. It is a natural pesticide, which can be used on any crop and vegetable plants or fruit trees. Due to the high amount of urea in Dashparni Ark,  worm and insects do not attack crops, plants and buds. Due to nectar and aroma, Worm and insects are attracted to plants, they are away from plants due to the scorching and bad odour of Dashparni Ark, and by which plants can be protected.

This mixture can be made easily by the farmers at home.

Required materials for Dashparni Ark:

1. Extracts, Nirguna, Gudhal, Kaner, Neem, Ghanari, Sitaf, Arand, Papaya leaves 2 kg.

2. Cow dung 3-4 kg

3. Cow urine 2-3 litres.

4. Water 200 litres.

Preparation method:

Step 1:

ake 200 litres of water in a tank and then put 2 kg leaves of ten types of plants in the equal amount. After this, add 5 litres cow urine and 5 kg cow dung to the submerged leaves and mix this mixture well.

Step 2:

Leave the prepared mixture for 5 days. Put 5-7 litres water in the mixture on 6th day and mix all the ingredients in the tank well.

 Step 3:

Leave this mixture for 1 month. When the time is over, filter out this mixture and use it.

Preparation time:

1 month

Storage:

4 month.

Use:
Spray-system

Insecticide can be applied as a foliar-spray.

Pay attention:

1. Mix 125 ml insecticides with 10 litres water.

2. Use 2.5 litres of pesticide with 200 litres of water for one hectare.

Poonam Singh

Poonam Singh

Poonam Singh

Poonam Singh, M.Sc.(Bio-Chemistry), Content writer, Self Shiksha, Lcoatips, Candidviews, Quikpills and Former Research Director at NEEW

 

Agniastra- Leaf roller, stem, fruit and pod borer

Agniastra- Leaf roller, stem, fruit and pod borer

Agniastra is a very powerful missile against insects like leaf roller, stem borer, fruit borer and pod borer.

This mixture can be easily prepared by the farmers at home.

Materials needed for Agniastra:

1. Cow urine

2. Tobacco’s crushed leaves 25 gm / litre of cow urine

3. Native hot green chilli pulp 25 gm / litre of cow urine

4. Native garlic pulp 5 gm per litre cow urine

5. Crushed neem leaves (with a thin stem) or neem seeds powder 100 grams per litre cow urine.

Preparation method:

Step 1:

Mix all the ingredients in a pottery vessel. Use a wooden stick to mix the ingredients. The stick should be rotated in the clockwise direction in the mixture, so that the positive energy spreads in the mixture.

Step 2:
Boil the mixture on the fire and boil it.
Step 3:

Cover the tank with a jute sack or poly net. The tank should be in shadow and it should be noted that the tank is not directly exposed to sunlight or rain water. The mixture should be left for 48 hours for fermentation.

Step 4:

Using a wooden stick, mix the mixture twice a day in the morning and evening for 1 minute in the direction of clockwise.

Step 5:

Filter the mixture after 48 hours and keep Agniastra in the bottle.

Preparation time:

48 hours

Storage:

3 months

Use:

Sprinkle the mixture on infected plants or spray 3% Agniastra with water, through the foliar-spray. If the infection is high, then 4% can use the mixture. For 1 acre farm, mix 6 to 8 litres Agniastra with 200 litres of water and sprinkle on the plants.

Pay attention:

1. Using sil-over, crushed neem leaves and tobacco leaves.

2. Use the sil-over to make chilli pulp and garlic pulp.

3. Use cow urine only for indigenous cow.

Poonam Singh

Poonam Singh

Poonam Singh

Poonam Singh, M.Sc.(Bio-Chemistry), Content writer, Self Shiksha, Lcoatips, Candidviews, Quikpills and Former Research Director at NEEW

Grass Fertilizer-nutrients available in grass fertilizer

Grass Fertilizer-nutrients available in grass fertilizer

It is difficult to beat a piece of grass as fertilizer, which is usually low-cost, because they are usually free. Grass fertilizers are used to prevent weeds and to maintain the protection of moisture in the soil. However, nitrogen content is different in each batch. Along with this, in the growing season for plant growth, 1 to 2 inches tall of grass, only one layer is sufficient. Do not use such a weed grass which has been grown using herbicide.

Nutrients and fertilizers

It is very good to tell people that the piece of grass is a very good natural fertilizer. In which nitrogen, phosphorus, and potassium (N, P, K) are the least rich. These are the numbers and names you see on a bag of fertilizer in your local home and garden centre. 30-0-8 means that the amount of 30% nitrogen, 0% phosphorus, and 8% potassium is present. It not only keeps your garden healthy, but it also shows green with its use. Along with this, it also helps in the prevention of weed killers.

We see, that most weeds, such as: – Dondelions, Charlie creep and clovers are usually like an acidic soil, which grow with pH below 7.0. In addition, keeping the pieces of grass in the garden, especially the amount of phosphorus and nutrients is increased. Keeping the natural pH 7.0 of the garden helps keep these weeds present.

Grass fertilizers contain nitrogen, oxygen and phosphorus in rich form.

Preparation method of grass fertilizer: –

1. Fill the fresh grass pieces completely by 2/3 part of the 5 gallon bucket.

2. Fill the water up to a few inches below the top.

3. Leave it for 3 days at room temperature, and mix this mixture once a day.

4. Filter the liquid mixture.

5. Dilute “tea” with water of equal parts.

6. Using foliar-spray, fertilize the fertilizer on the soil and leaves.

Benefit:

It offers free food to the garden. At the same time, the most important thing is that you should put it in your garden regularly, because there is a beneficial nutrient (nitrogen and potassium) present in the piece of grass, although it is available only in small quantities .

Caution:

Do not use herbicide grass.

Poonam Singh

Poonam Singh

Poonam Singh

Poonam Singh, M.Sc.(Bio-Chemistry), Content writer, Self Shiksha, Lcoatips, Candidviews, Quikpills and Former Research Director at NEEW

Jeevamrutham-Elixir and the Sea of Micro Organisms for Soil

Jeevamrutham-Elixir and the Sea of Micro Organisms for Soil

There is an ocean of micro-organisms, which increases the humidity and activities of living organisms living in the soil when irrigated in the field. When Jeevamrutam is used as a foliar spray, it plays an important role in promoting growth and providing immunity to plants.

Materials Required for Jeevamrutham:

  • Water
  • Cow urine (25 ml to 50 ml per litre of water)
  • Cow dung (50 gm per litre of water)
  • Jaggery (5 grams per litre of water) or sugarcane juice (20 ml to 40 ml per litre of water) or sugarcane pieces (50 grams per litre of water) or pulses of any sweet fruit (5 grams per litre of water) like: – ripe chikoo, papaya, banana etc.
  • Pulses of gram flour etc.: – Chavadi, Arhar, Chana or Urad (5 gram per litre of water) is used. Green pea flour, soybean and peanuts should not be used as they are available in high percentage of the amount of oil.
  • Ensure a lot of soil from farm dykes, clay bundles, which do not have any stone.

Preparation method:

Step 1:

Mix all the ingredients in a plastic or cement tank. Make sure there is no lump in cow’s dung or gram flour. Use a wooden stick for the mixture. The wooden stick should rotate in the direction of the clock wise in the mixture, so that positive energy spreads in the mixture.

Step 2:

Cover the tank with a jute sack or poly net. The tank should be in shadow and it should be remembered that the tank is not directly exposed to sunlight or rain water.

Step 3:

Use a wooden stick in both morning and evening for days, mix the Jeevamrutham mixture for 1 minute.

Step 4:

1. Prepare for live use after 48 to 72 hours.

2. Filter the liquid mixture and place the filtered liquid mixture in a glass or plastic bottle or tank.

Step 5:

1. After filtering the liquid mixture, add water in the same amount again in the sludge remaining in the tank.

2. Leave this mixture again for 48 hours.

3. After the completion of the time, the second batch of the Jeevamrutham will be ready.

Step 6:

After the second batch is ready, use it for spraying in the field.

Preparation time:

48 to 72 hours

Storage:

1. 8 to 15 days within 8 days of preparation should be used.

2. After 7 days, due to many microorganisms present in the liquid mixture, smell comes from the Jeevamrutham.

3. Jeevamrutham should not be used after 15 days.

 Use:

1. Jeevamrutham is used by mixing water with irrigation water in the field or by mixing it with your hands in the soil or by spraying it by the foliar-spray or by putting it on the ground directly during rainy season.

2. To use irrigation water mixed with water or sprinkling on the soil, 200 liters of Jeevamrutham should be used for 1 acre farm per month.

Poonam Singh

Poonam Singh

Poonam Singh

Poonam Singh, M.Sc.(Bio-Chemistry), Content writer, Self Shiksha, Lcoatips, Candidviews, Quikpills and Former Research Director at NEEW

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