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Neem cake Fertilizers

Neem cake Fertilizers

Neem cake Fertilizers – Remnants of oil emitted from neem seeds, which are used after grinding of neem kernels are crushed for their oil. In this seed kernels are nutrients such as NPK (nitrogen-phosphorous-potassium) as well as nortriterpenoids and isoprenoid. These nutrients are  nematicidal in nature so the seed cake ends with these properties. Neem cake  is used in agriculture, horticulture, floriculture and the turf industry as an organic fertilizer as well as a natural insecticide. Neem cake is used as organic fertilizer because of the various micro and macro nutrients. It will control, at the same time, soil-based pathogens as well as  nematodes. It also inhibit the nitrification of the soil plus enhances the efficiency of nitrogen providing fertilizer.

Neem cake fertilizer is an excellent organic fertilizer. Its essential ingredients and other micro nutrients are: –

  • Nitrogen
  • Phosphorus
  • Magnesium
  • Potassium
  • Calcium
  • Sulfur
  • Zinc
  • Copper
  • Iron
  • Manganese

Uses of Neem cake Fertilizers: –

There are several reasons for using neem cake as soil amendment: –

1.It is bio-degradable and it can be used with many different types of fertilizers.

2. It will increase the efficiency of other fertilizers you use because it will inhibit nitrification .

3. Apart from this, it is free from any heavy metal, so it is safe for crop use.

4. It is gradually free, which means the nutrients are free in a uniform. This ensures constant growth of your crops or plants during the growing season. Because it will release the nutrients slowly that means your crops will have nutrients throughout the growing time.

5. The neem cake acts as a nutrient for plants rather than being a nutrient collector. The neem cake contains NPK (nitrogen-phosphorous-potassium) plus other micro nutrients, so your plants are fed continuously.

Benefits of Neem cake Fertilizers: –

  • Both do double work of pesticides along with fertilizer.
  • Increase the quality of soil.
  • Reduces the growth of soil pests and bacteria.
  • Provides necessary macro nutrients for the development of all plants.
  • Helps to increase the yield of plants in the long run.
  • Organic is destructive and environmentally friendly.
  • Excellent soil conditioner

Poonam Singh

 

Poonam Singh

Poonam Singh

Poonam Singh, M.Sc.(Bio-Chemistry), Content writer, Self Shiksha, Lcoatips, Candidviews, Quikpills and Former Research Director at NEEW

Leaf Mold

Leaf Mold

Leaf mold is a form of compost, which gradually changes into the humus before it breakdown due to slow fungus. There are two main factors need for making a leaf mold: – The presence of adequate moisture and oxygen in the air.

Leaf mold is like a soft pillow, which is naturally found in the forest just above the soil. It is gradually disintegrated. Along with giving nutrients gradually to plants, it also improves soil structure. Leaf mold is not as rich in the value of nutrients. As much as in the completely composted leaves, but it is easy to make and its process is faster.

Leaf mold makes  a useful mulch around the garden. It has excellent ability to maintain water. A good quality topsoil can hold around 60 percent of its weight in water, but leaf mold can hold between 300 to 500 percent of its weight in water.

(A) How to make a leaf mold: –

Originally all the leaves are carbonated. Some nitrogen-rich material like grass clippings take a lot of time to break and the decomposition process for leaves takes at least six to twelve months.

1. The first method of making leaf mold, consist of either pilling your leaves into a wood or wire bin in a corner of the yard. The pile or bin should be at least three feet wide and long. Pile up your leaves, and thoroughly dampen the entire pile.

2. Check the level of moisture occasionally during dry period and if necessary water and pour it.

3. The second method of making leaf mold requires a large plastic garbage bag. Fill the bag with leaves and moisten them. Seal the bag and then make some holes or cut slit in the bag for air flow. Then leave the bag for a few days. Check the bags twice a month for moisture. If the leaves are dry, then pour water into it.

After six months in a year, you will end the leaf mold. You can do some things to speed up the process: –

1. Before putting the leaves in your pile or bag, run over them once or twice with your Lawnmower. Smaller pieces will break down faster.

2. Use a shovel or garden fork to change the leaf pile every few weeks. If you are using a plastic bag method, just turn it over or give it a strong shake. In this process the air will be used, which triggers decomposition.

3. If you are using a pile or bin method.

4. Then cover your pile with a plastic torp.

5. This will keep the leaves more consistently moist and warm.

(B) Benefits of Leaf Mold

You must be wondering why you should not just make compost. Why bother making a different pile just for leaves? The answer is that while compost is very amazing for improving soil texture and fertility.

  • At the same time, the leaf mold is much better as soil modification.
  • It does not provide much nutrition.
  • So you will still need to add compost or other organic fertilizers to increase fertility.
  • Leaf mold is essentially a soil conditioner.
  • It increases the water retention of the soil.
  • The addition of leaf mold, water retention in the soil increased by more than 50%.
  • Leaf mold also improves soil structure.
  • It provides a fantastic habitat for soil life. Which includes earthworm and beneficial bacteria.

(C) How to use Leaf Mold: –

  1. The left mold is ready to use when it is soft and crumbly.
  2. Distribute it to your perennials, vegetation plants (shrubs, too if you have a lot of it).
  3. No thick more than about 3 inches thick. Because the leaf mold retains so much moisture.
  4. It should be kept several inches back the crown or base of the plant.
  5. It helps prevent pest and disease problems.

Tip: Leaf mold is slightly acidic, so if you add ground limestone if you plants are sensitive to acidity.

Poonam Singh

Poonam Singh

Poonam Singh

Poonam Singh, M.Sc.(Bio-Chemistry), Content writer, Self Shiksha, Lcoatips, Candidviews, Quikpills and Former Research Director at NEEW

Lasagana garden

Lasagana garden

What is a lasagana garden?

1. Lasagna gardening is all about kinds of layers.

2. The goodness of it is that you can keep these gardens anywhere.

3. Keep it in sufficient sunlight and it is fairly flat.

4. They can be big or small depending on your needs.

5. You do not need to worry about tilling up a space.

6. Simply submit the layers over the layers. Unless it happens in the right height.

7. You can use compost, compost, leaves in it.

8. Anything in it will break it and feed your plants.

How to make lasagana garden: –

The steps are simple and you can change them to according your needs. You can pile up the layers on the ground. If you want you can build sides. You can build the raised beds on the legs. It all depends on you.

Here is the basic idea of lasagana gardening. You want to layers. The first item on the list is what you keep on the ground first, then layer it all until you reach the last layer, which will be on the top.

(A) Preparation method of lasagana garden: –

1. First of all, map your area. You keep this flat surface in contact with the sun for at least four hours a day. Most vegetables do not produce good in less than this.

2. Build your side or enlarged bed, or outline the area with the wheel line.

3. For the first layer, use a thick layer of paper or cardboard. It will provide a solid base and keep weeds down. If you want to go organic, then you can put a thick layer of straw below. It would be good to use 6-8 inches to start. Reserve some straw to plce in between layers. Now wet this layer.

4. For the next layer, you can use compost or manure. the compost should be well broken down for the plants to be able to take advantage of the nutrients. Along with manure should be old. Because fresh manure contains heavy nitrogen and is considered “hot”.

5. Plants need nitrogen, but too much nitrogen can burn your plants or cause spikes in green leaf activity. For herbs, it is very good, but nitrogen has to be balanced with phosphorus for good root production in the vegetables. Now wet this layer.

6. Layer about an inch of straw on top of that. The extra straw will provide some aeration. Now wet down the straw.

7. If you want to add elements of other gardening techniques such as hughlekultur, now is the time. I add some large logs to the center of my lasagana garden and then keep the next layer above it. If using logs then wet them down well after adding.

8. For the next layer, you can use vegetable peels, coffee grounds, egg shells, or basically whatever that is newly added to compost. These will break down gradually and add more nutrients to the soil. Cover again with straw and wet down the layer.

9. For the next layer, add anything “brown”, which means carbon based. Examples are straw, shredded newspaper, cut leaves, used napkins, toilet paper tubes, newsletters, etc. If you have not used straw, add a layer. Now water the layer.

10. Now you will want another “green” layer. Vegetable peels, lawn grass, coffee ground – anything that is nitrogen-based. Are you still watering? Good! Continue to pour water after each layer.

11. Keep walking in this way, as long as your garden is at least two feet deep. If you want you can go very deep. Remember, after a while, some elements of your garden will be broken and it will not be as long as it was about to start.

12. For the final layer, you can use compost or manure (well old).

13. plant your plants!

(B) Benefits of lasagana gardening: –

There are many reasons to create a lust garden. Here are a few:

  • You can put them anywhere in adequate sunlight.
  • There is no digging, tilling, or cultivating, except when you plant and harvest.
  • There are less weeds.
  • They can be built to any height.
  • If you have a yard, then you can use all existing materials.
  • local manure and compost from neighbors can be used.
  • They can be any size you want.
  • You can use whatever materials you want.
  • There is less water is required.

(C) Consider additional issues: –

As with any garden, there are some things to consider:

1. If you are using logs, try to stay away from cherries, locusts, or anything that may be toxic. Cherry wood is bad for animals, so I had hesitate to use it with food gardens. locust is always breaking down, so it can be used for a few years. Try to stick with pine, maple, oak, and other such wood.

2. problems of insects can be reduced, but it is not eliminated. Sprinkle Cayenne pepper around to discourage raccoons, mice, and rats.

3. Sprinkle some cinnamon around to prevent fungal diseases. It will help keep things like powdery mildew at bay.

4. If you need to treat for bugs, then use a natural product like neem oil.

5. Spray the base of the plant and try to keep away from the flowers. Because you won’t to damage bees, the major pollinator of gardens.

6. If you surround your garden, use natural wood products, do not treat anything.

7. Check your cardboard for staples, tape and gum. They will not break down in a garden, if used, then it will be very slow.

8. Make sure to use straw and not hay. Straw breaks down very well, and add nitrogen in the soil. Hay takes more time to break down and there are so many seeds in it. That will grow in your garden and produce weed.

Poonam Singh

Poonam Singh

Poonam Singh

Poonam Singh, M.Sc.(Bio-Chemistry), Content writer, Self Shiksha, Lcoatips, Candidviews, Quikpills and Former Research Director at NEEW

Compost Tea Fertilizer

Compost Tea Fertilizer

What is compost tea?

To keep it simply, compost tea is a liquid fertilizer and full of biologically active compounds, which slow down a plant’s disease. The tea  is made by soaking small quantity of remaining compost in water and adding food source (brown sugar or jaggery) to feed the hungry microorganisms inside the soil. The process of evaporation of the water gives to present micro-organisms all the tools they  need to reproduce. so once the mix is done brewing you are left with a nutritionally rich, well-balanced supplement with incredible value as an organic liquid fertilizer.

Preparation Method of compost tea fertilizer:-

Caution: Make sure to use a finished compost. unfinished compost can be contain  harmful pathogenic, and compost that is too old may be nutritionally deficient

1. Fill a 5 gallon bucket 1/3 full of quality finished compost.

2. Fill with water to a few inches below the top.

3. Allow the mixture to rot for 3-4 days.

4. Stir the tea as often as you can.

5. Filter the mixture in a bucket through a cheesecloth or any other porous fabric. Add the remaining compost to your garden or put it back in your compost bin.

6. Dilute the remaining liquid with water using a 10: 1 ratio of water to tea. (The contents in your water cans should have the look of a weak iced tea.

7. Spray fertilizer using foliar-spray on soil or leaves.

Benefit:-

1. Better plants growth in the  form of good taste vegetables, bigger blossoms and greener leaves.

2. Increase of beneficial organisms, that enhances the immune system of plants.

3. Plenty of nutrients for the plants that are easily absorbed directly through the plants roots.

4. Encourage the growth of root systems to help your plants remove nutrients from a farther down.

5. Provides an all-natural alternative to harsh chemical composts that cause harm to native plants, insects, wildlife, and even humans.

Poonam Singh

Poonam Singh

Poonam Singh

Poonam Singh, M.Sc.(Bio-Chemistry), Content writer, Self Shiksha, Lcoatips, Candidviews, Quikpills and Former Research Director at NEEW

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